Round 3 – 2023 Motion

A secret ballot is used in various voting systems where the voter’s identity is not revealed.

Motion: Parliament should adopt a secret ballot for motions of no confidence against a sitting president.

Note: This motion was amended to focus the debate on the secret ballot. Upon further consultation, the motions committee realised that the previous wording shifted the focus to the speaker of parliament. 03 August 2023


  1. Concourt: Speaker has the powers to prescribe secret ballot ,, accessed 2 August 2023.
  2. Procedure For Voting By Secret Ballot In National Assembly,, accessed 2 August 2023.
  3. Secret ballot,,it%20in%20a%20sealed%20box. accessed 2 August 2023.
  4. National Assembly Presiding Officers,, accessed 2 August 2023.

Round 2 -2023 Motion

The National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) provides financial aid to undergraduate students to help pay for the cost of their tertiary education after completing high school.

Motion: The NSFAS should exclusively fund scarce skills as opposed to the current system. 


  1. THE DHET Bursary Scheme, accessed 25 April 2023
  2. Conference on Financing Higher Education in Africa is underway in Cape Town,, accessed 25 April 2023
  3. NSFAS funding disbursement; 2023 Public Sector Education and Training (PSET) Sector Academic Year; Sectoral Response to Loadshedding, with Ministry,, accessed 25 April 2025
  4. NSFAS funding model in need of an urgent overhaul,, accessed 25 April 2023

Round 1 -2023 Motion

COP27 was concluded during November 2022.
The Loss and Damage Fund will effectively address the consequences of climate change in developing countries.


  1. 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference,, accessed 2023/02/07
  2. Poor and Vulnerable Countries Need Support to Adapt to Climate Change,, accessed 2023/02/07
  3. Cop27 agrees historic ‘loss and damage’ fund for climate impact in developing countries,, accessed 2023/02/07
  4. The historic loss and damage fund,, accessed 2023/02/07

Semi-Final 2022 Motion

South Africans should vote directly for the president and not vote through political parties.


Additional Resources

  1. Election types, Independent Electoral Commission, Accessed 16 August 2022
  2. The Parliamentary Sytem vs The Presidential System, The Borgen Project, Accessed 16 August 2022
  3. Government of South Africa, Wikipedia, Accessed 16 August 2022
  4. Politics of Zimbabwe, Wikipedia, Accessed 16 August 2022
  5. Politics of Lesotho, Wikipedia, Accessed 16 August 2022

Round 2 2022 Motion

Unemployment has reached historical highs in South Africa,

The Department of Small Business Development should exempt small and micro businesses from tax and minimum wage regulations.


  1. Department of Small Business Development, 16 March 2022
  2. Small business regulation, BizNews, 10 March 2022
  3. MP’s Clash On National Minimum Wage During Debate Held To Mark Workers’ Day, The Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, 4 May 2018
  4. Employment Effect of Minimum Wages, IZA World Labour, December 2018
  5. Warning over new minimum wage for South Africa, BusinessTech, 1 Oct 2021

Matsoba Kgopa shares her success

Back in 2020, Matsoba took some time to share her success via video with us. She credits her success to her involvement in debating as a learner and to the support she received from her teacher! Watch the video to hear it from her own mouth.

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